2009 International Annual Meetings. Courtesy of University of Arizona Cooperative Extension. Biomass type sorghum was superior to sweet type as non-food ethanol feedstock. Studies in India have found that after juice extraction, sweet sorghum bagasse can form part of a nutritious animal feed, giving dryland farmers an additional source of fodder and income. Sweet sorghum can be used the the production of biofuels in two ways. Sweet sorghum is the same species (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) as grain sorghum. Sorghum holds promise for … Sweet sorghum. However, this crop may someday have another use in the Commonwealth — as a bioenergy crop. Technical challenges of using sweet sorghum for biofuels are a short harvest period for highest sugar content and fast sugar degradation during storage. University of Florida led team will participate in a five year, $125 … Consult manufacturers to be sure they can be applied on sweet sorghum. However, the biofuel syndrome of plant architecture (leaves, root, and stem), flowering time and bioconversion efficiency, their genetic components and how these traits can be modulated as potential routes to optimize sweet sorghum for biofuel … Global View of Biofuel Butanol and Economics of Its Production by Fermentation from Sweet Sorghum Bagasse, Food Waste, and Yellow Top Presscake: Application of Novel Technologies . Thus, with a higher fermentable sugar of as much as 15 percent, with a Php/TC of 700, the projected … Dr. Ismail Dweikat at Nebraska is developing sweet sorghum cultivars with increased cold tolerance. The initiative is the product of research on sorghum … Soil temperatures should be above 65°F at planting to achieve good seed emergence. In this system, the synthetic gas and bio-oil are used for transportation fuel, and the charcoal is applied to fields to improve soil structure. How will we fuel the future? Sweet sorghum could become leading bioethanol feedstocks. Sweet sorghum: from booze to biofuel. Sweet sorghum is an efficient user of nitrogen fertilizer. Chinch bugs are usually worse in drought conditions, and worms cause the most damage in late-planted sorghum fields. The study was concluded prior to the enactment into law of the Biofuels Act (RA 9637) which requires vehicle manufacturers and owners as well as oil companies to use fuels diluted with sugar or starch-derived alcohol to reduce the country's dependence on imported fuel and promote cleaner air. The same diseases that affect grain sorghum also attack sweet sorghum. Pinal Energy currently imports corn from the Midwest, so they are quite interested in the potential for locally produced sweet sorghum. E-Mail; Print Milling tests were conducted on both energycane and sweet sorghum at the LSU AgCenter… “As a scientist, I am focusing on some very important problems to our world like food security, water security and also energy security,” says Martinez. In this system, the synthetic gas and bio-oil are used for transportation fuel, and the charcoal is applied to fields to improve soil structure. Sweet Sorghum for Biofuel Production ... NSSV 255 and RSSV 56 are the sweet sorghum cultures identified by the "All IndiaCoordinated sorghum improvement project at National level". Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a C4 crop in the grass family, and is characterized by a high photosynthetic efficiency. By BETSY BLANEY, Associated Press Writer. A group of researchers led by Purdue University scientists believes sweet and biomass sorghum would meet the need for next-generation biofuels to … be-info@email.arizona.edu 6-7 Oct. Olive Branch, MS. Tripp, S., R. Powell, and P. Nelson. 2009. The diversion of crop land for cultivation of sweet sorghum does not … During World War II, when sugar was rationed, bootleggers used the juice of sweet sorghum to make moonshine. International Year of Planet Ea rth, 5–9 October 2008, Houston, Texas. Unfortunately, this facility closed in 1983. Dale is a mid-season variety developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station. As a land grant university, the UA has a mission to serve the state, the country and the world. The syrup sweet sorghum (Figure 1), so it is the most suitable which needs storage for using during off season needs crop for ethanol production using for biofuel comparing to concentrate to minimum 65 brix (normally 85 brix). Memphis Bioworks Foundation and BioDimensions. 2. Most sorghum syrup farmers remove seed heads using cutters mounted on high clearance spray equipment. Sweet sorghum juice contains sucrose, fructose, and glucose which can easily be made into ethanol. Westbrook. It is relatively drought tolerant, has a high forage and ethanol yield per acre, has relatively low cost of production, is adaptable to no-till, has a co-product called … ASA-CSSA-SSSA. Published by Battelle Technology Partnership Practice. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Nutrient crop removal for sweet sorghum is similar to forage sorghum. Sweet sorghum could be grown on about half of this land. In favorable environments, sweet sorghum … Isaac Hedges called it the “Northern Sugar Plant” because of the high sugar content in the stalks. Ethanol Production from the Stem Juice of Different Sweet Sorghum Cultivars in the State of Pernambuco, Northeast of Brazil E. Dutra, A. G. B. Neto, R. B. Souza, M. A. M. Morais Júnior, J. N. … Normally, the fibrous parts of the plant are discarded after juicing. Sorghum is a multipurpose crop and can be used for food, feed, fuel and fodder. USDA Agr. 2009. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. 1-5 Nov. Pittsburgh, PA. Stevens, G., R. Holou, D. Dunn, and A. Wrather. Besides having rapid growth, high sugar accumulation, and biomass production potential, sweet sorghum has wide adaptability (Reddy and Sanjana 2003). It is hoped that this will change in the near future. Advantages of sweet sorghum for biofuel production 1. Juerg, B., W. Thompson, W. Rooney, and B. Bean. In Texas, sorghum varieties are being bred to produce high biomass yields (Juerg et al., 2009). The need to immediately squeeze the juice out creates logistical challenges in harvesting and transporting stalks for sugar extraction and conversion. “I love working with graduate students. http://nssppa.org/. It is a C4 crop with low input requirements and accumulates high levels of sugars in its stalks. Sweet sorghum packs punch for Arizona’s biofuels industry Known as the sugarcane of the desert, sweet sorghum could be a sustainable and ecological future biofuel crop for Arizona. Table 1. Keller and M81E are resistant to red stalk rot (anthracnose) but are susceptible to maize dwarf virus (MDM). Ilse Rojas, a Ph.D. student from Chile, is doing her dissertation research on how to get more return from the plant. sweet sorghum has shot into prominence because of its competitiveness as a … Bioethanol. Producing ethanol from sweet sorghum uses about two thirds the amount of water of corn and one seventh the … Researchers find sweet sorghum and sugarcane can cut biorefinery down time January 10, 2017 | Meghan Sapp In Illinois, today many biofuel refineries operate for only seven months each year, turning … 1Freeman et al., 1986. In addition, sweet sorghum has a °Brix or estimated fermentable sugar of 9 percent, and as the fermentable sugar of sweet sorghum increases, wherein studies show results higher than the estimated 9 percent, the more viable the ethanol’s country production using sweet sorghum becomes. Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop in . Global Biofuels Ltd. (RC 679588), is implementing a project to convert the juice from the stalk of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) to ethanol. Considering the energy challenges we face in the United States, the research Slack and his team are doing is of interest to a great many people and organizations, from private industry all the way up to the federal government. Freeman, K.C., D.M. In his eyes, offering a great educational experience is what gives rise to excellent research an innovation. Yield of sweet sorghum varieties at Blairsville, Georgia, and Quicksand, Kentucky.1. Most of sweet sorghum models for biofuel production use either gasification or fermentation to process plant material into biofuel. 1177 E. 4th Street, Shantz Building, Room 403, Tucson, AZ, USA 85721-0038, Biosystems Analytics & Technology, MS & PhD, Don Slack, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Biosystems Engineering. Biofuels Home. pp. Most labs request a forage yield estimate when soil samples are submitted to make crop removal calculations. Sweet sorghum is a leading potential biofuel feedstock that can be produced in South African's water‐limiting conditions under marginal lands. 2009. “This project is a pilot project,” he says, “which means that we move it beyond the laboratory into the field.” They are looking at how their methods scale to the field to see if they represent viable ways of growing bio-fuel and bio-energy crops in the bright, dry environment of Southern Arizona. The super sweet sorghum aims to produce high biomass, higher yields, and stem soluble sugars, under marginal land. To optimize ethanol yield, a juice extraction rate of at least 50% from the stalks is needed. Sweet sorghum can be planted in marginal land areas in less developed countries and areas, particularly in Africa, to stimulate local economies; and the establishment of flexible biorefineries should allow exploitation of these multiple feedstocks and extend the projected environmental and economic benefits of biofuels. Now researchers at the University of Missouri Delta Research Center are studying ways to boost the plant’s potential to brew not booze, but biofuel. Nebraska. Sweet sorghum is a promising target for biofuel production. Sweet sorghum is the same species (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) as grain sorghum. http://extension.missouri.edu/seregion/Crop_Budgets_PDF&Excell/Grain_Sorghum.pdf, Energy Answers for the Beginning Farmer and Rancher, NEWBio Team Defines Human Systems Driving the Bioeconomy Transition, NEWBio Harvest, Preprocessing, and Logistics Team Optimizes Biomass Supply Chain Processes, NEWBio Feedstock Improvement Team Breeds Better Switchgrass and Willow for the Bioeconomy. The successful production of sweet sorghum in South Africa is restricted due to a lack of sustainable production systems. Sweet Sorghum Culture and Syrup Production. The study found that sweet sorghum is comparable if not better than sugarcane for ethanol production. Sugar in the stalk is not the primary focus. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is primarily grown in Kentucky for its syrup. Segment by Application, the Sweet Sorghum Ethanol market is segmented into United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and Rest of World. Belum VS Reddy, P Srinivasa Rao, A Ashok Kumar, P Sanjana Reddy, P Parthasarathy Rao, Kiran K Sharma, Michael Blummel and Ch Ravinder Reddy International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India. Here in the Sonoran Desert, researchers in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences are looking into bio-fuel crops that can be grown in arid areas. However, sorghum is less cold tolerant than corn. Paper presented at the 2008 Joint Annual Meeting, Celebrating the . Sweet sorghum is a "smart" crop, providing grain for human consumption, stover for fodder and juicy stalks for use in biofuel production. Sweet sorghum can be planted in marginal land areas in less developed countries and areas, particularly in Africa, to stimulate local economies; and the establishment of flexible biorefineries should allow exploitation of these multiple feedstocks and extend the projected environmental and economic benefits of biofuels. We want to know if we can use some lands that are not suitable for food production, using less water, but also guaranteeing some kind of energy for people here.”. Active sweet sorghum breeding programs are under way in several states. U.S. Dept. Let's start with the basics. Below is a budget by David Reinbott, extension agricultural economist at the University of Missouri. The United States, the world’s largest sorghum producer, is organizing a conference this year on using sorghum as biofuel. It’s a favorite part of what I do.”, 1177 E. 4th Street, Shantz Building, Room 403, Tucson, AZ, USA 85721-0038 for heat in buildings or to produce electricity. Since sweet sorghum is a multipurpose crop serving as a source of food, animal feed, and biofuel (Ratnavathi et al., 2011), it is a leading candidate biofuel crop. Email: b.reddy@cgiar.org Introduction Agriculture and energy have always … However, sweet sorghum seed and equipment costs will be higher than grain sorghum. Indian Institute of Millet Research to Use Sweet Sorghum to Boost Ethanol Production (New Indian Express) Sweet sorghum is a variety of sorghum or jowar/jonna, which has high sugar levels in its stalk … “Sweet sorghum is supposed to be a drought-tolerant crop. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Sweet Sorghum Sweet Sorghum Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is similar to grain sorghum with sugar-rich stalks. Abstract. Fungicide seed treatments can be used to reduce seedling disease infestation. When it comes to discussing the potential of sweet sorghum in the biofuels production process, we share in the excitement. This is about twice that from corn grain. The statement “all biomass is local” also applies to sweet sorghum feedstock. It is a multipurpose crop, yielding food in the form of grain and fuel in … For sweet sorghum, you will probably reduce the nitrogen fertilizer and increase the potassium and phosphorus fertilizer relative to grain sorghum. The San Carlos Apaches and the Yaqui tribes have expressed interest in growing sorghum. National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association. Being a water-use efficient crop, sweet sorghum … The seed heads on sweet sorghum are located on the top of the stalks. For this project, both high-biomass sorghum and sweet sorghum will be tested in the US, while high-biomass sorghum and bmr sorghum will be grown in India. In Missouri, following soybean the previous year, maximum sweet sorghum biomass yields were achieved in some fields with no nitrogen (Stevens, 2009). In favorable environments, sweet sorghum varieties can grow 14 feet tall and produce 20 to 50 tons of biomass (fresh weight) per acre. Most of sweet sorghum models for biofuel production use either gasification or fermentation to process plant material into biofuel. To design a sustainable production system, apply enough fertilizer to offset crop removal or spread the bagasse and vinasse back on the field. Seeds are small, … Soils were deep with medium … The greatest challenge for large-scale production of sweet sorghum for biofuel is the lack of commercial harvesting equipment. The author is grateful to Dr. Morris Bitzer, professor emeritus, at the University of Kentucky for providing advice and information for this article. It also includes market size and … Handbook No. Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop in . to other crops such as corn or sugarcane. Dale is resistant to most diseases. The seeds can be used for food and/or … Biofuel Others The Sweet Sorghum Ethanol market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). With less need for nitrogen fertilizer and its incredibly drought-tolerant nature, it is a much more affordable and viable … Sweet sorghum [SS; Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a potential biofuel crop for the Great Plains. The report includes region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. Bitzer, M. 2009. Sweet Sorghum for Biofuel Production in Louisiana The federal mandate for energy security through the development of sustainable biofuels has revived interest in sweet sorghum as a renewable energy … The bagasse can be used to feed livestock or pelletized to burn. Sweet sorghum diseases are best controlled by rotating fields with non-grass crops such as soybean and by planting disease-resistant sweet sorghum varieties. When nitrogen response occurred, 60 pounds of N per acre were sufficient. This reduces flexibility and can increase transportation costs. -- LSU AgCenter scientists are researching efficient means for processing energycane and sweet sorghum for use in biofuels. “We’re here to educate students, and the byproduct of our educating students is the research,” he says. Handheld light refractometers and battery-powered digital refractometers can be purchased. Sweet sorghum, Jatropha, Pongamiaand sugar beet are among the underexploited crops for biofuel (ethanol and biodiesel) production. Usually in about 2.5 weeks, sugar content will increase to optimum levels before harvest. As a result of the efforts of Congressman Raul Grijalva, the United States Department of Energy is also helping to fund the project. The vinasse, which is a mixture of dead yeast and plant material after fermentation, can be composted and sold for fertilizer. Missouri pest management guide: corn, grain sorghum, soybean, and winter wheat. (http://extension.missouri.edu/seregion/Crop_Budgets_PDF&Excell/Grain_Sorghum.pdf). SWEET SORGHUM FOR BIOFUEL INDUSTRY. Memphis, TN. For gasification to be economically feasible, small-scale pyrolysis systems are needed. Switchgrass and sweet sorghum fertilization for bioenergy feedstocks. Slack has two graduate students working on the project. It needs less fertilizer than corn, which results in less water contamination, says Ray Coniglio, a spokesman for Sebastian, Fla.-based Renewable Energy LLC, which has invested in the production of sweet sorghum … Biofuel. production methods, and the land cover prior to sweet sorghum cultivation (Ko¨ppen et al., 2009). The project is a collaboration between the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and the College of Engineering. Sweet sorghum is an excellent source for the production of biofuel and green energy. The crop is highly adaptable to wide range of climatic conditions including drought and salinity. It is more drought tolerant than corn and requires less nitrogen fertilizer. 611. Sweet sorghum will thrive under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, … Unless a harvesting machine is developed to squeeze juice on-the-go and re-deposit stalks and leaves in the field, a significant amount of P and K will be removed in the biomass. Under favorable growing conditions, sorghum can produce high biomass yields with low rates of nitrogen fertilizer. To estimate input costs for sweet sorghum, begin with a crop budget for grain sorghum. Dr. Mike Ackerson describes the process and benefits of making gasoline quality biofuel from sweet sorghum. This includes “cultural, mechanical, biological or chemical options” (Bradley et al., 2009). Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop has many attractive features that make it an excellent source of renewable energy. Compared to other biofuel crops unlike sugarcane sweet sorghum … In Texas, sorghum varieties are being bred to produce high biomass yields (Juerg et al., 2009). Stalks of sweet sorghum contain fermentable sugars in the sap equal to 400-600 gallons of ethanol per acre. Broadhead, N. Zummo, and F.E. 38-45 Proc. The United States, the world’s largest sorghum producer, is organizing a conference this year on using sorghum as biofuel. Sorghum holds promise for American Indian farmers who have rights to a fairly significant amount of CAP (Central Arizona Project) water. Sweet sorghum could … Sorghum seed head. Sweet sorghum, a plant that grows to a height of 8 to 12 … Several equipment companies are testing sweet sorghum harvester prototypes. Although sweet sorghum is primarily grown to produce sorghum syrup, it can also be used as a feedstock for biofuel. Sweet sorghum was first introduced into the United States in 1852. “We need to have plant scientists to understand how the plants grow and mature,” says Slack. Corn (left) and sweet sorghum (right) at the Kellogg Biological Station in Hickory Corners, Michigan. In India and other places, sweet sorghum stalks are used for producing biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. “The land grant university has three very specific, important missions: education, research and extension. This project integrates all three of those missions,” says Slack. Optimum planting rates vary by region and soils. Sweet sorghum could be grown on about half of this land. ST. GABRIEL, La. Wednesday, May 14, 2008. Sweet sorghum can be grown in many regions of the United States. Sugar in the stalk is not the primary focus. In this regard, the concept of super sweet sorghum ideotypes is proposed to stimulate discussion on how to combine the various biofuel syndromes to design the genomes of sweet sorghum hybrids for the various climatic zones. Sweet sorghum is also much more water-efficient than most biofuel crops. Through the research in Slack’s lab, he and his graduate students are finding better ways to grow the plants and optimize their production of juice, which is then fermented into ethanol. Handbook No. (520) 621-3691. Corn also requires a fair amount of water. Sweet Sorghum: A New Smart Biofuel Crop that Ensures Food Security : May 19, 2008 PATANCHERU, India : In these days of soaring food prices worldwide , imagine a crop that provides food, livestock feed and biofuel. Potential for Sweet sorghum as a biofuel. The energy gain from sweet sorghum is substantially more than the energy used in production. 611, 55 pp. A stand of sweet sorghum being tested for biofuel production in Mozambique. As the plant matures, carbohydrates are translocated from the stalks to the head to make starch in the seeds. “We need to have chemical engineers who understand how the materials can be refined into a product, and we need agricultural engineers who can work with machinery to extract the juices and process the materials.”. Dr. Bill Rooney at Texas A&M University has released female inbred lines with higher sugar content for use in the production of sweet sorghum hybrids. Some recent reports have raised concerns that the cultivation of certain biofuel … Other lines include chinch bug resistance and non-flowering types. Bio Fuels Revolution – Sweet Sorghum – The Smart Crop Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is frequently called as smart crop for its ability of not only produce food but fuel as well. Although sweet sorghum is primarily grown to produce sorghum syrup, it can also be used as a feedstock for biofuel. To utilize the bagasse for feeding, cattle should be in the vicinity. Most sweet sorghum varieties planted in the United States today were developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station at Meridian, Mississippi. In test plots in Missouri, atrazine and metolachor gave good grass and broadleaf weed control. DA-BAR’s director, William Medrano, says the use of sorghum as a biofuel fits with the Philippine government’s current energy conservation efforts, which involve the development and use of biologically derived alternatives to expensive oil imports. Sweet sorghum may grow up to twenty feet tall and produce significantly higher biomass yields compared to grain sorghum. A study by Memphis Bioworks showed that sweet sorghum processing plants should be located no more than six miles from production fields in the Delta region (Tripp et al., 2009). Jan 08, 2021 (The Expresswire) -- "Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry." Fields with irrigation should have higher populations than non-irrigated fields. University of Missouri Extension M171. “Sweet Sorghum in some ways is similar to corn,” says Don Slack, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Biosystems Engineering. Obviously, the higher the sugar content in the stalks, the higher the potential ethanol yield. Sweet sorghum was compared with corn [Zea mays (L.)] and grain sorghum for potential ethanol yield, energy use efficiency, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at seven dryland site‐years in Nebraska.Seasonal rainfall ranged from approximately 340 to 660 mm. The development of alternative forms of biofuels … Management of biomass and sweet sorghum in the Southwest US. Energy sorghum is specifically bred for high lignocellulosic biomass that can be converted to biofuels, whereas sweet sorghum, also known as sweet stalk sorghum, refers specifically to genotypes that accumulate soluble sugars in the stalk . The United States, the world’s largest sorghum producer, is organizing a conference this year on using sorghum as biofuel. Indo-US Biofuels Research Project - The second generation biofuels consortium will focus on development of sustainable, advanced lignocellulosic biofuel … “Sweet sorghum is supposed to be a drought-tolerant crop. An international group called the Sweet Sorghum Ethanol Association was organized in 2007 to promote sweet sorghum crop management practices and technologies to make ethanol and bio-derivatives. Four important varieties from that station are Theis, Keller, Dale, and M81E. Several herbicides are labeled for grain and forage sorghum. Sorghum biomass is burned by fast pyrolysis to produce syngas, bio-oil, and charcoal. This is about twice that from corn grain. Rojas’s work is focusing on converting that material, called bagasse, into sugars that can then be fermented into ethanol. In 2007, the University of Kentucky and the University of Nebraska jointly released a male-sterile hybrid named KNMorris. Theis is resistant to both red stalk rot and MDM. 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